Preston Davis (aka @LazyPhilosopher) invites us to think about the early days of Western civilisation where philosophers like Plato and Aristotle formed educational institutions on the basis of their own privilege. This kind of system persisted into Roman times, where males with the ability to pay could attend organised schools where they would learn to become educated citizens of the empire.
Education was further formalised in the Middle Ages, but mostly organised according to the strategic aims of the church. Formalised educational systems in the USA widened curriculum and admitted women, but still remain ‘exclusive’ in many ways.
Rawlsian theories of social justice are reflective of conversations that are starting to take place in OER around stepping back from personal bias when making decisions. If we disregard the considerations of race, gender, class and so on, we can support a more democratic and equally distributed educational system.
The remark is made that aspects of the USA educational system are exclusive rather than inclusive. Much of the OER movement was organised around saving money on textbook costs, but this overlooks wider patterns of disenfranchisement. The Sanders run for USA president foregrounded the idea of access to higher education as a matter of social justice. Should education be ‘free’?
From the discussion:
- Class divides are reinforced by higher education. Some scholarships are set aside for students from disadvantaged backgrounds, but does this really change structural patterns of disenfranchisement?
- If public education was made free, would this lead to a loss of resources through inefficiencies?
- Can we really act as if we are ‘difference-blind’?
- Is the difference between the student who goes on to higher education and the one who doesn’t a matter of money? Disenfranchisement has other elements, e.g. confidence, role models, self-interpretation, Much of these are the kind of ‘differences’ stripped out of the Rawlsian model.
- How can social justice be understood from the perspective of what is essentially privilege?
- Low cost vs. free?